A polity noted in the MSL as being subordinate to Ava-Burma. It was recognized as a separate polity by the Ming state in 1433 (Xuan-zong shi-lu 106.7a-b). It possibly refers to the "Ton Twan:" noted by Than Tun (1983-90; Vol. X: 3). For information on further Chinese sources relating to this polity, see Gong Yin (1985; 236 and 1992; 655).
Dong-tang Chief's Office