A "native" subprefecture in Yun-nan. The MSL references to this polity extend only over the first half of the 15th century. It was located close to Shun-ning (q.v.) and its territory apparently included that which today comes under Chang-ning County in Yun-nan. See Tan Qi-xiang (1982; 76).
For information on further Chinese sources relating to this polity, see Fang Guo-yu (1987; 852, 878) and Gong Yin (1992; 552-53).