Text by Michael Flecker, underwater & onsite photographs courtesy PT Cosmix Asia, all other illustrations and photos by the author


Borschberg, P. (2010). The Singapore and Melaka Straits: Violence, Security and Diplomacy in the 17th Century. Singapore: NUS Press.

Brown, R. M. (ed.). (1989). Guangdong Ceramics from Butuan and other Philippine Sites: An Exhibition Catalogue. Oriental Ceramic Society of the Philippines / Oxford University Press.

Crick, M. (2010). Chinese Trade Ceramics for Southeast Asia: Collection of Ambassador and Mrs Charles Muller. Geneve: Fondation Baur.

Edwards McKinnon, E. (1984). Kota Cina: Its Context and Meaning in the Trade of Southeast Asia in the Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries. Volumes I and II. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Cornell University. See (last accessed January 22, 2019).

Flecker, M. and Tai Y.S. (2019), ‘The Flying Fish Wreck: Northern Song’, Five Dynasty Antique, Kuala Lumpur.

Flecker, M. (2017a). ‘The Origin of the Tang Wreck: A Look at its Archaeology and History’, in Chong, A., and Murphy, S. (eds.), The Tang Shipwreck: Art and Exchange in the 9th Century (22-39). Singapore: Asian Civilisations Museum.

Flecker, M. (2017b). ‘Legislation on Underwater Cultural Heritage in Southeast Asia: Evolution and Outcomes’, Trends in Southeast Asia 23. Singapore: ISEAS Yusof Ishak Institute. See (last accessed January 22, 2019).

Flecker, M. (2012). ‘The Jade Dragon Wreck: Sabah, East Malaysia’, The Mariner’s Mirror, 98.1: 9-29.

Flecker, M. (2003). ‘The Thirteenth-Century Java Sea Wreck: A Chinese Cargo in an Indonesian Ship’, The Mariner's Mirror 89.4: 388-404.

Flecker, M. (2002). The archaeological excavation of the 10th century Intan Shipwreck. British Archaeological Report Series 1047. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Fujian Museum and Jinjiang Museum (福建博物院, 晋江博物馆). (2011). Cizao Kiln Sites: Report on Archaeological Investigations and Excavations of Cizao Kiln Sites in Jinjiang, Fujian Province. (磁灶窑址: 福建晋江磁灶窑址考古调查发掘报告). Beijing: Science Press.

Guangzhou Committee for the Protection of Ancient Monuments and Art Gallery, Chinese University of Hong Kong (广州文物管理委员会、香港中文大学文物馆). (1987). Guangzhou Xicun Kilns (广州西村窑). Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong University Museum.

Koh, N. K. (2017). ‘Tang/Song Guangdong Trade Ceramics.’ Koh Antique. See (last accessed January 22, 2019).

Lam, P. Y. K., Carswell, J., Russell, T., Mohammed Mokhtar bin Abu Bakar, Kwan, K. K., and Martin, J. (1985). ‘A Ceramic Legacy of Asia’s Maritime Trade: Song Dynasty Guangdong Wares and Other 11th – 19th Century Trade Ceramics Found on Tioman Island, Malaysia.’ Southeast Asian Ceramics Society (West Malaysian Chapter). Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Lau, M., Gu, Y.Q, Yang, S.X., Zeng, G.Y. (1985). Ceramic Finds from Tang and Song Kilns in Guangdong. Hong Kong: Fung Ping Shan Museum, University of Hong Kong.

Li, K. (2007). “A Study on the Song, Yuan and Ming monetary policies within the context of worldwide hard currency flows during the 11th-16th centuries and their impact on Ming institutions.” In Schottenhammer, A. (ed.), The East Asian Maritime World 1400-1800: Its Fabrics of Power and Dynamics of Exchanges. Wiesbaden, Germany: Otto Harrassowitz GmbH & Co. KG, pp. 99-136.

Liebner, H. H. (2014). The Siren of Cirebon: a Tenth-Century Trading Vessel Lost in the Java Sea. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Leeds. See (last accessed January 22, 2019).

Manguin, P.-Y. (forthcoming). ‘Sewn boats of Southeast Asia: the stitched plank and lashed-lug tradition’, in Blue, L. (ed.), Of Fibre and Wood.

Manguin, P.-Y. (1996). ‘Southeast Asian Shipping in the Indian Ocean During the First Millennium A.D.’, in Ray, H.P., Salles, J-F. (eds.), Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean. New Delhi: Manohar Publishers & Distributors.

Mathers, W., and Flecker, M. (1997). The Archaeological Excavation of the Java Sea Wreck. USA: Pacific Sea Resources.

Nicolas, A. (2009). ‘Gongs, Bells, and Cymbals: The Archaeological Record in Maritime Asia from the Ninth to the Seventeenth centuries’, Yearbook for Traditional Music 41: 62-93. See (last accessed January 22, 2019).

Peng Shifan (彭适凡). (1998). Dated Qingbai Wares of the Song and Yuan Dynasty (宋元纪年青白瓷). Hong Kong: Ching Leng Foundation.

Ridho, A., and Edwards McKinnon, E. (1989). ‘Pulau Buaya Wreck: Finds from the Song Period.’ The Ceramic Society of Indonesia Monograph No. 18. Jakarta.

Wagner, D. B. (2008). Science and Civilisation in China Vol. 5 Part 11: Ferrous Metallurgy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wong, G. (1979). ‘A Comment on the Tributary Trade between China and Southeast Asia, and the Place of Porcelain in This Trade, During the Period of the Song Dynasty in China’, Transaction 7. Singapore: Southeast Asian Ceramic Society.