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Hong-wu: Year 2, Month 12, Day 13

11 Jan 1370

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The Secretariat Clerk Gan Huan and Lu Jing-xian, a vice commissioner in the Interpreters Institute, were sent to enfeoff the king of the country of Champa, A-da-a-zhe, as the king of the country of Champa. The Imperial proclamation read: "This is a despatch to inform you A-da-a-zhe, king of the country of Champa: You have always resided in your maritime state located on the Southern borders. Since the time of your forefathers, all generations have been sincere and loyal. They have looked towards and admired China and have faithfully carried out their functions as ministers. I have now unified all within the four seas, have pacified and controlled every side and desired that all lands be at peace. I sent an urgent message to inform you of this. You were capable of standing in awe of Heaven and respecting China and accordingly you sent an envoy to acknowledge yourself as a minister and to offer local products as tribute. Your thoughts are based on the counsel of your former kings and you keep the people of your land in peace. I am mindful that you are sincere and loyal, and it is appropriate that you be praised and commended. Thus, I am sending officials to present you with a seal and enfeoff you as the king of Champa. Verily, situated in the centre, soothing those outside, I look on all equally. You must carefully and consistently attend to the tasks of protecting the borders and looking after the people, and forever remain a supporting feudatory. In this way, your name will be protected. Now I am conferring upon you a copy of the calendar Da Tong Li for the third year of the Hong-wu reign (1370/71) and 40 bolts of patterned fine silks and silk gauzes interwoven with gold thread. These are for your receipt." Also given were 3,000 copies of the popular calendar Jian Yong Li. The envoy Pu-dan-ma-du was also rewarded with a bolt of fine silk and one of silk gauze, and also had conferred upon him headwear and a belt. Appropriate rewards were also conferred upon his attendants.

Tai-zu: juan 47.4b-5a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 3, page 0936/37

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/hong-wu/year-2-month-12-day-13, accessed September 17, 2019