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Tian-shun: Year 1, Month 4, Day 1

24 Apr 1457

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An Imperial proclamation was issued to the country of Champa. The proclamation read: "I am the Emperor, and I rule all under Heaven and look on all equally. In enfeoffment of the feudatory states, it is necessary for there to be inheritance by a descendant of the ruling family. This is a constant rule of the nation. You in Champa have long guarded a maritime feudatory and in the transmission of the ruling position, the post cannot be left vacant. The former king of the country Mo-he Gui-you has departed the world and there should be a successor. His younger brother Pan-luo Yue is both a relative and worthy. He is also cultivated in heart. Thus, I am especially sending the Supervising Secretary Jiang Tong as chief envoy and the Messenger Liu Yin-zhi as deputy envoy to proceed there taking Imperial orders enfeoffing him as the king of the country of Champa. All people far and near should respect him day and night and devote themselves to his assistance. All must follow their roles as determined by propriety and none should engage in violation of this. You should long maintain sincere and loyal hearts as thereby you will long enjoy the prosperity of great peace. The above is hereby proclaimed so that you may know of it." In addition, Imperial orders of instruction were sent to Pan-luo Yue. The orders read: "Since the time of your ancestors, Champa has faithfully respected the requirements of a feudatory. Rule passed to your elder brother and he nobly carried on the tradition. But after a few years, he suddenly passed away. When the sad news arrived from the distance, it brought me great distress. You, Pan-luo Yue, are the king's younger brother and have been capable of sending an envoy to bring local products to the Court and to ask the Court for orders. You are a relative of the king and are worthy. Thus, I am especially sending envoys with a proclamation enfeoffing you as king of the country of Champa, and to confer upon you variegated silks and other goods. You must do your utmost to respect these orders. Further, you should hone your abilities to fulfil the duties of a minister, strictly maintain your sincerity as a feudatory minister and soothe the people of the country, so as to continue the aspirations of your forbears. Respect this!"

Ying-zong: juan 277.2a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 36, page 5901

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/tian-shun/year-1-month-4-day-1, accessed November 18, 2019