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Wan-li: Year 11, Month 2, Day 19

12 Mar 1583

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The Minister Chen Rui, supreme commander of Guang-dong/Guang-xi, and the Vice Minister Guo Ying-pin, grand coordinator of Guang-xi, both memorialized on three proposed remedial arrangements for the border passes in Ping-xiang and others subprefectures. Previously, the interpreter Fan Ke-jiu was sent to escort the Annam yi envoys on their return. When they reached Ping-xiang, the native official Li De-sheng tried to extort presents from the yi. This led to a situation where the various yi engaged in disorder and squabbling. They seized Fan Ke-jiu's orders and subsequently Ke-jiu cut his own throat. The Guang-xi regional inspector was ordered to investigate. De-sheng had died in prison and various punishments were meted out to the local circuit and prefectural officials. At this time, the following remedial proposals were put forward: "1. When the yi envoys come to offer tribute, they come through the two routes of Hai-bei in Guang-dong and Zuo-jiang in Guang-xi. The localities should be personally supervised so as to ensure that defence measures are firmly implemented. 2. Ping-xiang is very close to Jiao-nan and it is not appropriate to establish a circulating official's post there. Li Ren of the native official's family should be put in charge of subprefectural affairs and the subprefecture should remain under the jurisdiction of Si-ming Prefecture. 3. The giving of farewell presents by the various yi has led to troubles. This practice should be strictly prohibited." An Imperial order was issued approving the proposals as presented.

Shen-zong: juan 133.9a-b

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 102, page 2485/86

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/wan-li/year-11-month-2-day-19, accessed October 19, 2019