Wan-li: Year 27, Month 8, Day 10
28 Sep 1599
The Yun-nan Regional Inspector Liu Hui memorialized: ".... For the whole province, taxes total only 110,000-plus [liang of silver]. However, there are tens of military garrisons (營) which have to be supplied with grain rations from this. Also, several thousand liang of silver in annual [provincial] salary payments have to be taken from the amount. Further, the salaries of the officials and functionaries in 20 prefectures and 65 subprefectures and counties must be taken from it. The costs for the unpredictable raising of troops and for the purchase of elephants and of stones, and irregular payments must also be covered by this. I note that there has not been a day when the grand coordinator has not made all sorts of arrangements in order to regulate the funds and reduce expenditure for your Majesty. For seven years, he has exhausted his energies in the public service. This year, arrangements have been made for the three pacification commissions. Next year, it will be the recovery of Man-mo, the following year it will be the punishment of Ping-shun and the year after that there are plans to capture Duo An and plans to recover Meng-mi. Then when the six zhao [= pacification superintendencies] are completely returned to peace, Ba-xiong Pass will be built beyond Meng-mao and a thousand li of land will be opened up, with 10,000 mu of state farms...."
Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 111, page 6264/66