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Wan-li: Year 29, Month 12, Day 11

3 Jan 1602

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As the Thirteen Stockades in Yun-nan had been pacified, it was ordered that the Censor-in-Chief (Alt: Vice Censor-in-Chief) Chen Yong-bin, grand coordinator of Yun-nan, and concurrently vice minister of the right in the Ministry of War, be promoted one grade in salary and that his son, who had previously been given a post for Yong-bin's achievements, be promoted one grade. The hereditary Junior Guardian and Qian-guo Duke Mu Chang-zuo and the Grand Defender and Regional Commander Mu Rui, as well as the other civil and military officials were promoted and rewarded at differing levels. The Thirteen Stockades in Yun-nan are what the gazetteer refers to as the Pu man (蒲蠻). Although the area is called "Thirteen Stockades", there are high ramparts and deep trenches extending for hundreds of li, with 100 (Alt: hundreds of) stockades. The stockades are located at high and strategic points, and in the use of powerful cross-bows and poisons the inhabitants are foremost among the various yi. The various yi Mang Ao, Wai Lie and Ha-la-geng of the stockades of Dong-weng (Alt: Dong-yong), Yi-ge-luo and Yi-bi, joined together and engaged in rebellion, killing tens of officers, including guard commanders, battalion commanders and company commanders. Also, all of the yi and Han people who had returned to loyalty were exterminated, with their bellies being split open and their intestines being ripped out. They then gave orders to their forces, saying: "If victorious, you are to occupy Shun-ning and Meng-hua, and attack Teng-chong and Yong-chang. If defeated, you are to link up with Ava-Burma in the West and on the east spread into China. How can they contend with us!" The Emperor was greatly angered and determined to punish them. He thus allowed the grand coordinator and grand defender to act as necessary in handling the matter. In the ninth month of the 27th year (Oct/Nov 1599), the Teng-chong troops advanced from You Dian, the Yao-an troops advanced from Wan Dian, and the Shun-ning and Meng-hua troops advanced from the Lan-cang route and Fu-du-niu-jie. The native troops and the Han troops assembled and then engaged in a pincer attack along separate routes. The various yi were attacked and their front and rear forces could not coordinate. Mang Ao and the other chieftains all surrendered. The pacification of the Thirteen Stockades was achieved by this expedition. The Ministry of War re-submitted the memorial, noting: "The troops numbered less than 20,000 and the period needed was less than seven months. There were 1,887 prisoners or heads taken and over 10,260 people returned to allegiance and were settled. These results were superior to those achieved in the Ding-ju/Bai-gai campaign."

Shen-zong: juan 366.7a-b

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 112, page 6853/54

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/wan-li/year-29-month-12-day-11, accessed December 11, 2019