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Xuan-de: Year 8, Month Intercalary 8, Day 1

14 Sep 1433

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Ha-li Zhi-mo (Alt: Ha-li Zhi-han) and others who had been sent by his elder brother Zai-nu-li A-bi-ding, the king of the country of Samudera; the envoy Ge-bu-man-du-lu-ya and others who had been sent by Bi-li-ma (Alt: Bu-li-ma), the king of the country of Calicut; the envoy Jia-bu Bi-li-ma and others who had been sent by Ke-yi-li, the king of the country of Cochin; the envoy Men-ni-de-nai and others who had been sent by Bu-la-ge-ma-ba-hu-la-pi, the king of the country of Sri Lanka; the envoy Ha-zhi Hu-xian and others who had been sent by A-li, the king of the country of Zu-fa-er; the envoy Pu-ba and others who had been sent by Mo-li-ke Na-si-er, the king of the country of Aden; the envoy Duan Si-li Jian and others, who had been sent by Dou-wa-la-zha, the king of the country of Gan-ba-li; the fan person Ma-la-zu and others who had been sent by Sai-fu-ding, the king of the country of Hormuz; the envoy A-du-ru-ha-man and others who had been sent by the king of the country of Jia-yi-le; and the chieftain Sha-xian and others who had been sent by the king of the country of Mecca; all came to Court and offered tribute of giraffes, elephants, horses and other products.

The Emperor held an audience at Feng-tian Gate to receive them. As the giraffe is an auspicious animal, Hu Ying, the Auxiliary Minister of Rites led the joint ministers in offering felicitations. The Emperor said: "I have no fondness for things from foreign lands. I am receiving them because I appreciate the envoys coming from afar to demonstrate their great loyalty. There is not need for felicitations."

Xuan-zong: juan 105.1a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 21, page 2341

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/xuan-de/year-8-month-intercalary-8-day-1, accessed December 11, 2019