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Yong-le: Year 1, Month 10, Day 30

14 Nov 1403

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The Muslim Ha-zhi Ma-ha-mo Qi-lan-ni and others from the country of La-ni in the Western Ocean, came to Court and offered tribute of local products. As he had brought with him pepper to trade with the people, the officials requested permission to tax it. The Emperor said: "Commercial taxes are levied by the state in order to restrain those engaging in the inferior occupation (commerce). How can we use taxes for our benefit! The yi are now inclining towards virtue and coming from distant places, and you wish to appropriate their profits. The resulting loss and dingrace to the propriety of the country will outweigh by 10,000 times the amount received from them! This is not to be permitted!"

Tai-zong: juan 24.9a-b

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 10, page 0447/48

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-1-month-10-day-30, accessed November 17, 2019