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Yong-le: Year 1, Month 4, Day 3

21 Apr 1403

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The envoy sent by Hu Di, the temporary manager of state affairs in Annam, presented a memorial and local products in congratulations on the Emperor's accession to the throne. He memorialized: "Previously, the Heavenly Court's Gao Emperor Tai-zu received Heaven's mandate and unified the world. The former Annam king Chen Ri-kui was the first of all the yi in offering tribute to demonstrate his sincerity. He received Imperial grace, had a title conferred upon him and thus ruled his land as king. However, unfortunately Ri-kui died and the family line was broken. There were no descendants in the other branches of the family either and thus there was no one to succeed to the throne. I, the son of a woman of the Chen family, was pushed forward by the people and temporarily took on the management of state affairs and presided over the sacrifices. It has been thus for four years, and I now seek the approval of the moral power of the Sage. Within the borders, things are generally at peace. However, as my title has not been confirmed, it is difficult to lead those below. Also, when I present memorials, there is no title I can use. I humbly hope for Heaven's grace and that you will confer upon me a title so that our injured country can be revived, and the wild yi can be subject to rule. If I receive an Imperial commission, I will loyally fulfil the tribute duties and will not be double-hearted even unto death." The matter was passed to the Ministry of Rites for deliberation. The ministry advised: "The distant yi are reckless and impetuous, and it is difficult to trust them. We should send an envoy to investigate this." This was approved.

Tai-zong: juan 19.1a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 9, page 337

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-1-month-4-day-3, accessed October 23, 2019