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Yong-le: Year 10, Month 8, Day 1

6 Sep 1412

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On this day, the Ying-guo Duke Zhang Fu, regional commander of Jiao-zhi, having stationed his boat-borne troops at An-mo Sea-port, saw in the distance the bandit ships entering Shen-tou Sea from Da-an. He swiftly sent the Commissioner Fang Zheng and others to attack them. Over 400 of the bandits' ships came out into the Shen-tou Sea and divided into three groups. At that time, there was a northerly wind blowing and Fu commanded the troops to directly attack the main force. The bandits were very spirited, but the government troops bravely pushed ahead and locked ships with them. They fought with swords and lances and firearms (火器) were discharged in rapid succession. The bandits could not withstand this and immediately fled in their ships. The government troops pursued and caught up with them. Using grappling hooks, they drew the bandit ships to their own and engaged in mortal battle. Between the mao period (5-7 a.m.) and the si period (9-11 a.m.), the bandits were greatly defeated. Captured alive were the false Senior Yi Guard General Chen Lei; the false "Dragon-Tiger" Generals Deng Ru-xi and Li Mu; false generals of the Jin-wu Guard, Wu Guard, Wei Guard and Ning Guard; together with Ruan Lin and other commandants, military commissioners, militia leaders, police officials and others, a total of over 75 officials, as well as over 1,000 of the bandit followers. The number beheaded or drowned was inestimable. The bandit follower Ruan Shuai and the others saw the situation and scattered. Fu hastily sent the army to sea after them, but they were unable to catch them and thus returned. Lei and others, a total of 40 persons who were severely injured, were beheaded as a warning, while Deng Ru-xi and others, a total of 35 persons were sent caged to the capital.

Tai-zong: juan 131.1a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 12, page 1615

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-10-month-8-day-1, accessed December 11, 2019