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Yong-le: Year 16, Month 1, Day 27

4 Mar 1418

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The Jiao-zhi Provincial Administration Commission advised: "Initially it was decided that, as Jiao-zhi was newly-attached and the stored grain was insufficient for the troops, the kai-zhong system should be introduced and that grain be obtained from Si-chuan, He-dong, Yun-nan and Fu-jian in exchange for salt. At that time, rice was very expensive. The price was determined in accordance with the distance that it had to be transported, and the prices were set at a level where, for every yin of salt, one dou five sheng, two dou five sheng, or at most three or four dou of rice could be obtained. Now, following successive good harvests, rice is very cheap and if prices are paid in accordance with the original stipulations, it will indeed result in official losses. It is thus proposed that: 1. The two prefectural granaries in Yi-an and Xin-ping should pay the He-dong and Shaan-xi Grain Transport Supervisorates one yin of salt for two dou five sheng of rice, pay Fu-jian one yin for three dou of rice, pay Yun-nan one yin of salt from the two wells at Hei-yan and An-ning for four dou of rice, or one yin of salt from the Bai-yan well and the Five Wells for three dou five sheng of rice. Si-chuan should be paid one yin of salt from any of the wells of this office for two dou five sheng of rice or one yin of of salt from the 18 wells at Xian-quan for three dou five sheng of rice. 2. The counties and prefectures in Jian-ping and Qing-hua should pay the He-dong and Shaan-xi Grain Transport Supervisorate one yin of salt for three dou of rice; pay Fu-jian one yin of salt for three dou five sheng of rice; pay Yun-nan one yin of salt from the two wells at Hei-yan and An-ning for four dou five sheng of rice, or one yin of salt from the Bai-yan well or Five Wells for four dou of rice; pay Si-chuan one yin of salt from any of the wells in Jiao-zhi for three dou of rice or one yin of salt from the 18 wells at Xian-quan for four dou of rice. 3. The three prefectural storehouses in Jiao-zhou, Xin-an and Liang River should pay the He-dong and Shaan-xi Grain Transport Supervisorates one yin of salt for three dou five sheng of rice; pay Fu-jian one yin of salt for four dou of rice; pay Yun-nan one yin of salt from the two wells at Hei-yan and An-ning for five dou of rice or one yin of salt from the Bai-yan well or Five Wells for four dou five sheng of rice; and pay Si-chuan one yin of salt from any of the wells in Jiao-zhi for three dou five sheng of rice or one yin of salt from the 18 wells at Xian-quan for four dou five sheng of rice." The Emperor approved the proposals and ordered the authorities to implement them.

Tai-zong: juan 196.3b-4a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 13, page 2058/59

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-16-month-1-day-27, accessed October 22, 2019