Yong-le: Year 17, Month 11, Day 6
23 Nov 1419
On this day, the Feng-cheng Marquis Li Bin, regional commander of Jiao-zhi, in his pursuit of the bandits, arrived in the territory of Yu-ma Subprefecture. The bandit leader Pan Liao and others had gathered over 1,000 of the "red-clothes" bandits and they did battle with the Imperial army, which defeated them. The "red-clothes" bandit leaders Niu Men, Ye Di (Alt: Dong Di or Xun Di) and others were captured alive. Liao, as well as Lu Wen-lu, Chen Wen and Chen Zi-zhi fled with their remaining forces. The Imperial army then advanced to Mt. Pu-tan in Mang-ju-tan, Yu-ma Subprefecture. Here the bandits had occupied a strategic position and erected palisades for its defence. The government troops attacked and broke through, whereupon Liao and the others fled to Laos. The Commissioner Xue Ju was sent to pursue them and he captured the bandit cohort Hu Zi-jing and over 300 of the "red-clothes" bandits including Shang Bei and Shang Xiang. Previously, Ruan Xun, a Jiao-zhi Provincial Administration Commissioner, and the Commander Chen Yuan-gui had been sent to guard Wu River. There, they captured rebellious bandits including Chen Shun-qing, who was a battalion commander from Nan-ling Subprefecture, and Chen Zhi-cheng, a company commander from Yi-an Guard. Both were executed. The Commissioner-in-chief Fang Zheng and the Administration Vice Commissioner Feng Gui also captured and killed the bandit leader Zheng Gong-zheng in Tong-li County, while the bandit clique member Li Zhi and others fled.
Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 14, page 2167/68