Yong-le: Year 17, Month 12, Day 15
31 Dec 1419
The Feng-cheng Marquis Li Bin, regional commander of Jiao-zhi, captured the bandit chief Fan Shan and others in Dong-chao Subprefecture. Previously, the evil monk Fan Yu of the Mt. Tu Temple in An-lao County had claimed that Heaven had provide him with a seal and a sword and nominated him as ruler. He had subsequently taken upon himself the title "Luo-Ping King" (羅平王) and instituted the use of the reign title "Yong-ning" (永寧). He gathered his forces to engage in rebellion and Shan, as well as Tao Cheng and others had followed him. Yu appointed Shan as "Concurrent Counsellor-in-chief of the Left and Manager of Important Security Matters, Officer Conferred with Inner Access". Wu Zhong was appointed as "Concurrent Minister of the Right, Military Expert on Important National Security Matters, Officer Conferred with Inner Access". Tao Cheng was appointed as Chariot-and-Horse General and Li Xing was appointed as Special Duke (司空). He then led his forces to occupy the water routes. When the Great Army advanced to punish them, Shan marshalled his forces on both banks, aligned his boats in the middle of the river and prepared to oppose the government troops on both land and water. Bin had his troops engage in a rapid assault, with the result that 1,200 heads were taken, 780 persons including Shan and Zhong were captured and over 200 (Alt: 250) large and small boats were taken. Yu slipped away. A further 260 bandit soldiers were captured and all were beheaded. Shan, Zhong and Wu Lu were placed in fetters and sent to the capital.
Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 14, page 2174