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Yong-le: Year 8, Month 10, Day 7

3 Nov 1410

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The Jiao-zhi Provincial Administration Commission advised: "Previously a set of regulations on punishments was promulgated. Among the people in Jiao-zhi are persons who were sentenced to death for various offences, persons who were banished (徒流) and persons who were sent far from their original domicile (遷徙), who were sent to Qiu-wen, from where they took up posts as attendants at postal relay stations and at transport stations. Under these regulations, those who had been sentenced to death were to serve in their posts until the end of their life. Those who had been banished and those who had been sent far from their original domicile were required to serve for different lengths of time in accordance with the seriousness of their offences. Of the officials and clerks who had been sentenced to floggings with bamboo, the clerks were, after punishment, to return to their duties and the officials were to be demoted and employed. They were to be employed in miscellaneous posts at lower levels than those they held previously. Those who were serving on the distant borders were, after their punishment, to be re-instated in their former posts. Now, there are new regulations which require that people who have been banished, those who have been sent far from their original domicile and persons sentenced to floggings are all to be sent to Bei-jing to plant fields for the people. The previous and present regulations differ." The Heir Apparent said: "Jiao-zhi is 10,000 li away. It is appropriate for them to follow the former regulations. Have the Ministry of Justice send a despatch informing them of this."

Tai-zong: juan 109.2a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 12, page 1405

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-8-month-10-day-7, accessed October 23, 2019