Yong-le: Year 9, Month 11, Day 6
21 Nov 1411
The boat-borne troops led by the Ying-guo Duke Zhang Fu, regional commander of Jiao-zhi, pursued and apprehended Chen Ji-kuo and others along the coast in Shi-shi, Fu-an and other subprefectures and counties. The roving bandits Li Rui and Fan Kang had been causing great troubles close to the city of Jiao-zhi. They had cut the floating bridges across the Rui River and blocked the road from Sheng-jue River to the Jiao-zhou Rear Guard, so that it was impossible to pass. Subsequently, troops were sent on expedition against them. Li Rui, Fan Kang and the others assembled over 5,000 troops to do battle, but the Imperial troops defeated them. The false "Dragon-Tiger" General and Commander-in-chief Li Rui was killed by an arrow during the fighting and the false Yi Guard General and Commissioner-in-chief Ruan Tuo was also killed in battle. The false Yi Guard General Yang Ru-mei and the false Defence Commissioner (防禦使) Feng Xi were both captured. The severed heads of over 1,500 bandits were displayed as warning. The remaining bandits scattered into the jungle-clad hills and into the mu ddy swamps. The government troops pursued them and killed them all. The bandit generals Fan Kang, Du Ge-dan, Deng Ming, Ruan Si-jian and others, who fled to distant places, were successively captured. After this, Ci-lian, Fu-an and the various other subprefectures and counties were all calmed.
Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 12, page 1523/24