Entry

Yong-le: Year 9, Month 2, Day 25

19 Mar 1411

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Imperial orders of instruction were sent to Jiao-zhi, as follows: "I have respectfully taken on the Mandate of Heaven and exercise authority over all places. Long being covered and supported, these places have all felt the illumination of the Court. In my heart, I have great affection for them and have consistently given them care and attention. Jiao-zhi is now under the zhi-fang, but for repeated years it has been unable to find peace. After having sympathized with its difficulties and distress, I am now especially extending my broad sympathy and grace. All those who are still assembled in the hills and forests of Jiao-zhi will, up till the 24th day of the second month of the ninth year of the Yong-le reign (18 Mar 1411), be pardoned their crimes. The soldiers should return to their original units and the people should return to their original occupations. If any of the officials, soldiers or people have committed crimes which have yet to be discovered, all are to be pardoned. The levies and taxes other than grain tax, including taxes on gold and silver, salt and iron tax and fishing tax will be suspended for three years. It will remain forbidden to mine gold and silver privately, but the prohibition on dealing in gold, silver, copper and iron will be lifted for three years. The people will be allowed to trade in these goods within the borders but will not be allowed to carry them beyond the borders. The names of those Jiao-zhi native officials who are outstandingly talented or who excel in pacifying the troops and people are to be noted and advised of, so that they can be rewarded."

Tai-zong: juan 113.4a-b

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 12, page 1443/44

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-9-month-2-day-25, accessed November 20, 2019