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Yong-le: Year 9, Month 7, Day 17

6 Aug 1411

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On this day, the Ying-guo Duke Zhang Fu and the Qian-guo Duke Mu Sheng, regional commanders of Jiao-zhi, defeated the bandit leader Ruan Shuai at Yue-chang River. At the time, Sheng was leading the infantry and cavalry and Fu was leading the boat-borne force and they were advancing along separate routes. When Fu reached Yue-chang River in Jie-yue County, Jiu-zhen Subprefecture, it was found that the bandits had erected stakes in the river for over 40 zhang and there were palisades on both sides of the river mouth stretching for 2 to 3 li. In the river they had deployed 300 ships and in the hills to the right, the soldiers led by the bandit cohorts Ruan Shuai, Hu Ju, Deng Jing-yi and Deng Rong were set to ambush the government forces. Thus, the Vice Commissioner-in-chief Zhu Guang and the Commissioners Zhang Sheng and Yu Guang were ordered to lead the troops forward in oar-powered boats, to pull out the stakes and advance. Fu led the Commissioner Fang Zheng and others with the infantry to attack the concealed troops. They attacked and broke down the palisades and pushed the enemy to the river bank. There a pincer movement from both land and water was mounted and the bandits were greatly defeated. Ruan Shuai and the others scattered. Deng Zong-mu, the false Jin-wu General and commander of the Yi-hu (Alt. Hu-yi) Army; Li De-yi, the false Ning Guard General; Ruan Zhong, the false Wu Guard General and commander of the Xiong-bian Army; Ruan Xuan, the false Wei Guard General; and others were captured alive. Over 400 bandit heads were taken and the number of bandits drowned was enormous. One hundred and twenty of the bandits' ships were captured and Deng Jing-yi's false "Grand Duke Conferred with Inner Access" (入內司空) seal and "Yan Subprefecture Senior Pacification General" seal were also taken.

Tai-zong: juan 117.2b-3a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 12, page 1488/89

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-9-month-7-day-17, accessed September 23, 2019