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Zheng-tong: Year 13, Month 5, Day 15

15 Jun 1448

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Imperial orders of instruction were sent to Li Jun, the king of the country of Annam. The orders read: "Your memorial has been received noting that you have sent the chieftain Li Ke back, arranged with and met with officials of the three offices of Guang-xi and arrested Zhao Nan-jie and Nong Jing, sons of the native officials, so that the facts in respect of the disputed territory could be examined. After clarification, 11 villages including Gong Village, were handed back to Long Subprefecture and six villages, including Ben Village were handed back to Xia Si-lang Subprefecture. You also said that you had advised the border limits to the people, requiring them to accord with and safeguard them. From this, your wish, king, to respectfully serve the Court can be observed. However, I am concerned about your subordinates who guard the border. For many months and years, being ignorant of the principles, and because of private grudges, they have engaged in attacks and disturbance. You, king, should give strict instructions to these officials and chieftains requiring that in future they are to firmly abide by the law and not engage in encroachment. Otherwise, they will bring punishment upon themselves. Through such instruction, you will, king, avoid embarrassment of your virtue. You also claim that, although the three offices have clarified jurisdictions, the dong villages of He-shi-ao and Yan-bu (合石奧奄布) of Guang-yuan Subprefecture have still not been returned. The ministry examined this matter and found that there is no memorial from the three offices of Guang-xi. I have ordered that a despatch be sent requiring the investigation and examination of this matter. When the memorial in response arrives, I will handle things with utmost fairness. You, king, also memorialized a request that the Court send officials to conduct a detailed investigation of the areas under Qin Subprefecture in Guang-dong, together with other matters. Your requests have been accorded with and a regional inspecting censor and officials of the three offices in Guang-dong have been sent to carry out a detailed investigation. You, king, should send senior chieftains to the border so that arrangements can be made jointly. The arrangements must be advantageous to both sides so that the wrangling will be stilled forever. You, king, are to respect and implement my orders." At this time, Annam had been frequently fighting with the country of Champa and Jun had sent his generals to plunder the border areas of Champa. When they reached Zhou Port, they massacred the people and seized Mo-he Bi-gai, the king of the country and returned. The Emperor had already sent envoys to appoint the king's nephew Mo-he Gui-lai as the king, to manage the affairs of the country. At this time, Imperial orders were sent to Jun, requiring him to extend grace, lay aside ill-will, and send people to escort Mo-he Bi-gai back to his country, so as to not arouse an animosity which would lead to calamity for all living things.

Ying-zong: juan 166.3b-4b

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 29, page 3212/14

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/zheng-tong/year-13-month-5-day-15, accessed September 18, 2019