Zheng-tong: Year 5, Month 2, Day 29
1 Apr 1440
The Investigating Censor Zhu Jian, regional inspector of Guang-dong, memorialized: "Huang Kuan and other persons in Qin Subprefecture, Guang-dong have rebelled and given allegiance to Annam. For several years efforts have been made to pacify them through negotiation, but they have not accorded. It is requested that the senior officials of the Court be ordered to deliberate and that a despatch be sent, noting that when Kuan returns to his occupation, he will be exempted from grain tax. Also, an honest and capable regional commissioner should be especially sent to Qin Subprefecture as commandant." The Emperor ordered that grain tax owed by Kuan and the others not be levied. Also, Imperial orders of instruction were sent to the three offices of Guang-dong. The orders read: "People, by their nature, invariably like peace and disdain suffering. Kuan and so on have all suffered through the rapacity and oppression of the former local officials. They had no option but to seek ways to preserve themselves. Since I ascended the throne, I have taken caring for the people as an essential task. You have all been carefully selected and you should manifest my wishes. If you are sincere in soothing and instruction, you will have the confidence not only of men, but even of pigs and fish. You are each to select a senior official, who will go together with the regional inspecting censor to seek their pacification through negotiation. You are only to use fine words in influencing them, so that they feel the grace and submit willingly. In this way, the matter will be well settled and the people will be at peace. You are to take the Imperial orders to instruct Kuan and the others. You are also to deliberate on the situation at Qin Subprefecture. If there is an urgent need, choose an experienced, honest and capable officer from among the commissioners and have him proceed to guard the area. Do not allow troubles to arise!"
Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 25, page 1235/36