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Cheng-hua: Year 13, Month 7, Day 9

17 Aug 1477

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The Censor-in-Chief of the Right Wang Shu, grand coordinator of Yun-nan, and others, submitted an impeachment memorial accusing the Grand Defender and Eunuch Director Qian Neng, as well as the Guard Commander Lu An and other of his followers, of crimes. The Censorate re-submitted the memorial, stating that they had sent Zhong Fan, an acting director in the Ministry of Justice, to proceed there to join with officials of the three offices in the investigation of the matter, and to arrest Neng and bring him back to the capital for questioning. It was Imperially commanded that if Neng was guilty of crimes, details should be memorialized so that he could be punished. Initially, Neng had sent the Guard Commander Guo Jing to the capital to memorialize on a matter whereby some yi soldiers from the country of Annam had, while pursuing bandits, crossed the border and engaged in robbery and pillage. He requested that Imperial orders be sent to to the king of the country cautioning him. The Court thus ordered Jing to take Imperial orders and proceed there. Under the old system, envoys going to Annam had to travel via the Guang-xi route. However, Jing took the route via Yun-nan. Neng gave to Jing a jade belt, bejewelled sashes, mang dragon robes, silk gauzes, silks, dogs, horses, bows, arrows, a saddle, a halter and other such goods to privately present to the king of Annam. Jing then travelled via Yun-nan to that country where he received many rich presents. When he was returning, he induced their tribute envoy to travel to the capital via Yun-nan. En route, for some reason, Jing told the envoy to go on ahead. When the tribute envoy reached the Yun-nan border, the guards stopped him and would not let him enter. The border people thought that the Annam people had come raiding and, alarmed and worried, all sought to hide. The regional commander and officials of the three offices sent people to instruct the tribute envoy, and it was only after the instructions had been repeated on several occasions that the envoy agreed to return home. The Court did not know of this. Three years later, a person came to allegiance from Annam. He said that he had once seen a guard commander and over 30 followers come to Annam with dogs, horses and various goods as presents for the king. An Imperial command was issued to the grand coordinator and regional inspector requiring them to investigate this affair. After Jing returned from Annam, Neng repeatedly sent him, together with the Guard Commanders Lu An and Su Ben and the Company Commander Yang Neng among the various yi and the pacification offices of Gan-yai, Meng-mi and so on, to engage in extortion. Jing obtained valuables from them and even raped (逼淫) Nang Han-nong's grand-daughter and promised that an office would be established to handle matters. When he returned to Jin-chi, he was arrested, but he threw himself into a well and died. At this time, Shu and the regional inspector investigated Jing's confederates, and on finding out the details, memorialized to the Court.

Xian-zong: juan 168.4b-5a

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 46, page 3042/43

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/cheng-hua/year-13-month-7-day-9, accessed November 17, 2019