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Yong-le: Year 1, Month 12, Day 28

9 Feb 1404

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The envoy sent by Hu Di of Annam expressed felicitations on the coming New Year, offered local products and presented a memorial admitting guilt. It read: "I have humbly received the Imperial orders instructing us in regard to our engaging in war with Champa. Your subject has erred greatly and is grateful that, with the great moral power of Heaven and Earth, you have pardoned and not punished me. I feel extreme shame and from now on will respectfully cease fighting and accord with the instructions of the Sage." As Hu Di was able to change his ways, the Emperor conferred orders of comfort and encouragement upon him. At this time, orders had already been issued enfeoffing Hu Di as the king of the country of Annam. In his memorial he did not refer to himself as king, the reason being that the orders had not yet arrived.

Tai-zong: juan 26.7b

Zhong-yang Yan-jiu yuan Ming Shi-lu, volume 10, page 488

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Preferred form of citation for this entry:

Geoff Wade, translator, Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource, Singapore: Asia Research Institute and the Singapore E-Press, National University of Singapore, http://epress.nus.edu.sg/msl/reign/yong-le/year-1-month-12-day-28, accessed November 15, 2019